Tanzania is one of the poorest countries in the world. It depends heavily on agriculture which accounts for about half of the GDP, and employs 80% of the population.
Tanzania has a per capita income of $440, ranking it 188 of 210 countries. World Bank 2009.
The Tanzanian power system has an installed capacity of 1,192 MW of which 47% is hydro. Competing water interests and drought affect reservoir levels and thus the availability of the hydro plant. Current supply is unreliable and plans for expansion of the main power system are financially constrained.
This means that some 36m people, or 90% of the population, do not have access to electricity. The majority of these people live in rural areas, where only 2% have direct access to electricity.
To address the needs of these rural people the Government of Tanzania has established the Rural Energy Agency (REA) , to promote off-grid energy supply
Working with the REA, the Kilombero Mini-Grid Project, will support some 13 villages in rural Tanzania.